Taiwan has belonged to China since ancient times. It was known as Yizhou or Liuqiu in antiquities. Many historical records and annals documented the development of Taiwan by the Chinese people in earlier periods. References to this effect were to be found, among others, in Seaboard Geographic Gazetteer compiled more than 1,700 years ago by Shen Ying of the State of Wu during the period of the Three Kingdoms. This was the world's earliest written account of Taiwan. Several expeditions, each numbering over ten thousand men, had been sent to Taiwan by the State of Wu (third century A.D.) and the Sui Dynasty (seventh century A.D.) respectively. Since early seventeenth century the Chinese people began to step up the development of Taiwan. Their numbers topped one hundred thousand at the end of the century. By 1893 (19th year of the reign of Qing Emperor Guangxu) their population exceeded 2.54 million people in 507,000 or more households.
The higher education system was established in Taiwan by Japan during the colonial period. However, after the Republic of China took over Taiwan from Japan in 1945, the system was promptly replaced by the same system as in mainland China which mixed with features of the Chinese and American educational systems.
The educational system includes six years of elementary school, three years of middle school, three years of high school, and four years of university. The system has been successful in that pupils in Taiwan boast some of the highest test scores in the world, especially in mathematics and science; However, it has also been criticized for placing excessive pressure on students and eschewing creativity in favor of rote memorization.
Many Taiwanese students attend cram schools, or bushiban, to improve skills and knowledge on problem solving against exams of subjects like mathematics, nature science, history and many others. Courses are available for most popular subjects. Lessons are organized in lectures, reviews, private tutorial sessions, and recitations.
As of 2012, the literacy rate in Taiwan, defined as those over age 15 who could read and write, is 98.2%.
National Taiwan University
National Taiwan University is a national co-educationalresearch university located in Taipei, Taiwan. In Taiwan, it is colloquially known as "Táidà" (台大). Its 1,086,167 m2 main campus is located in Taipei's Da'an District. In addition, the university has 6 other campuses in Taipei and elsewhere, with a total area of 345,830,000 m2. The University consists of 11 colleges, 54 departments, 103 graduate institutes and 4 research centers. In 2010, the student body consisted of 17,514 undergraduate students and 15,824 graduate students.
The university was founded in 1928 by the Japanese administration during the Japanese colonial era and was then known as the Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University. After World War II, the government of the Republic of China resumed the administration of Taihoku University and reorganized and renamed it National Taiwan University on November 15, 1945.
NTU is often considered to be among the most prestigious universities in Taiwan. It has strong ties with the Academia Sinica.
National Taiwan Normal University
National Taiwan Normal University is an institution of higher education and normal school operating on three campuses in Taipei, Taiwan. NTNU is widely recognized as one of Taiwan's elite institutions of higher education. The university enrolls approximately 11,000 students each year. The ratio of undergraduate to graduate students is 6:4. Approximately 1,500 students are international.
Do you have monthly average temperature in the southern part of Taiwan, like Kao-Hsung or Tainan?
Hi, Charlie, I only know the average temperature in Kaohsung: Jan: 18.8C, Feb.: 19.7C, Mar: 22.3C, Apr: 25.2C, May: 27.2C, Jun: 28.4C, Jul: 28.9C, Aug: 28.3C, Sep: 27.9C, Oct: 26.4C, Nov: 23.4C, Dec: 20.2C.